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地熱能的工作原理及優缺點

地熱能的工作原理及優缺點

發布日期:2018-04-09 作者:地源熱泵 點擊:

地源熱泵是一種利用地下淺層地熱資源既能供熱又能制冷的高效節能環保型空調系統。地源熱泵通過輸入少量的高品位能源(電能),即可實現能量從低溫熱源向高溫熱源的轉移。

Ground source heat pump (ground source heat pump) is an efficient and environment-friendly air conditioning system, which can make use of shallow underground geothermal resources, which can both heat and refrigerate. The ground source heat pump can transfer the energy from the low temperature heat source to the high temperature heat source through the input of a small amount of high grade energy (electric energy).

冬季制熱

Heating in winter

在制熱狀態下,地源熱泵機組內的壓縮機對冷媒做功,并通過四通閥將冷媒流動方向換向。由地下的水路循環吸收地下水或土壤里的熱量,通過冷媒/水熱交換器內冷媒的蒸發,將水路循環中的熱量吸收至冷媒中,在冷媒循環的同時再通過冷媒/空氣熱交換器內冷媒的冷凝,由空氣循環將冷媒所攜帶的熱量吸收。在地下的熱量不斷轉移至室內的過程中,以強制對流 、自然對流或輻射的形式向室內供暖。

In the heating state, the compressor in the ground source heat pump unit works on the refrigerant and reversing the flow direction of the refrigerant through the four - way valve. By water absorption cycle of underground soil or groundwater in the heat by refrigerant / water heat exchanger in the evaporation of refrigerant, the heat absorption in the water circulation to the refrigerant, and then through the condensation of refrigerant / air heat exchanger refrigerant in the refrigerant circulation at the same time, the air circulation of the refrigerant the heat brought by absorption. In the course of the heat transfer to the interior, the heat is heated indoors in the form of forced convection, natural convection, or radiation.

地源熱泵


夏季制冷

Summer cooling

在制冷狀態下,地源熱泵機組內的壓縮機對冷媒做功,使其進行汽-液轉化的循環。通過冷媒/空氣熱交換器內冷媒的蒸發將室內空氣循環所攜帶的熱量吸收至冷媒中,在冷媒循環的同時再通過冷媒/水熱交換器內冷媒的冷凝,由水路循環將冷媒所攜帶的熱量吸收,Z終由水路循環轉移至地下水或土壤里。在室內熱量不斷轉移至地下的過程中,通過冷媒-空氣熱交換器,以13℃以下的冷風的形式為房供冷。

In the cooling state, the compressor in the ground source heat pump unit works on the refrigerant to make the steam - liquid conversion cycle. The refrigerant / air heat exchanger in the evaporation of refrigerant to air circulation carried by the heat absorption to the refrigerant, and then through the condensation of refrigerant / water heat exchanger refrigerant in the refrigerant circulation at the same time, by water circulating the refrigerant carries the heat absorbed by water circulation transfer finally to groundwater or soil. In the process of indoor heat transfer to underground, the cold medium air heat exchanger is used as cold air in the form of cold air below 13 centigrade.

簡單的來說就是:

In a simple way, it is:

在冬季,把土壤中的熱量“取”出來,提高溫度后供給室內用于采暖;

In winter, the heat in the soil is "taken" out, and the temperature is raised to the room for heating.

在夏季,把室內的熱量“取”出來釋放到土壤中去,并且常年能保證地下溫度的均衡。

In summer, the heat of the room is "taken" out and released into the soil, and the equilibrium of the underground temperature can be guaranteed for the year.

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關鍵詞:地源熱泵,地源熱泵公司,地源熱泵安裝

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